Slot Machines – Where We Were, Where We Are, and Where We’re Going

Where We Were

Charles Fey invented the slot machine in the 1890′s. He probably never envisioned that his creation called the “Liberty Bell” would evolve into the most popular form of casino gambling today.

The slot evolution however had a lot of growing pains as many in the United States viewed gambling as a social ill. By 1910 all legal gambling activity was shut down,which left horse racing as the only legal entity in America.

During the 1920′s prohibition era, the public’s thirst for gambling matched that of booze. Slot machines along with alcohol were found in “Speak Easy’s” throughout America, many of them controlled by Organized Crime. After prohibition ended underground casinos remained active.

States began to crack down on illegal casinos and began to seize and destroy gambling equipment, including slot machines. Mayor LaGuardia of New York City called them “mechanical pick pockets”, destroyed them with a sledge hammer, and dumped them into Long Island Sound. (You can watch the action on YouTube.)

In 1931 Nevada legalized gambling. Slot machines populated the floor in the states’ casinos but were there only to amuse the wives and mistresses playing their pennies and nickles while the men did all the heavy gambling at the tables. (A portrayal of this is depicted in the 1952 movie, “The Las Vegas Story” with Vincent Price, Victor Mature, and Jane Russel.) Slots remained a “ladies” game until Atlantic City legalized gambling in 1978.

Bally Manufacturing invented a unit powered by electricity and slots began to “light up” and produce various sound effects. When multi-coin acceptors were introduced, new dollar machines meant larger jackpots for customers. When the Random Number Generator was invented top prize amounts could be increased on four and five reel versions. A spin button became an alternative to the handle.

The Indian Gaming Act was approved in the 1980′s which allowed casinos on reservation land and newly legislated dockside riverboat gambling attracted new slot players while racetracks added the one arm bandits..

IGT launched Megabucks in 1986 and slots were now linked across Nevada by phone lines offering a giant lottery size jackpot that grew with each coin wagered. The Progressive Jackpot was born and players could now become millionaires. Players began abandoning the table games, flocked to the machines and casinos took notice.

Where We Are

The proliferation of slots paved the way for new inventions. A video slot with 25 lines, up to a bet of 10 credits per line allowed for a ticket in, ticket out, (TITO) system. The coins and the handles followed the dinosaurs.. Operators could now lower the denominations to as little as a penny and still turn a profit.

In the new century slot makers were quick to promote the themed slot, units based on popular movies, TV shows and entertainers. Players could now spin the Wheel of Fortune, giggle at Curley, Larry, and Moe, take a ride with Captain Kirk, or croon over Ol’ Blue eyes. All the games have video clips from favorite shows.

The themed slots have evolved to 5 video reels with up to 40 lines. Chairs have comfortable high backs, and some even vibrate when certain bonus features are hit. Touch screens have the latest LCD technology, 3D graphics and Bose sound systems as they continue to evolve. Depending on the game theme, players can wager as little as one penny(credit) per line up to $2, $3, and $4 maximums. Bonus features offer generous payouts while progressive jackpots climb to six and seven figures.

Newer games saw the introduction of CSI, Sex and the City, Iron man, Michael Jackson, David Copperfield, The Walking Dead, Back to the Future, Jurassic Park, Wonder Woman, Ellen, Let’s Make a Deal, the Godfather, Monopoly, and The list goes on and on.

Where We’re Going

The themed slot will no doubt continue to grow. However there’s a huge segment of casino patrons looking for something different. They are the Millennials.Born in the early 1980′s to the late 1990′s who grew up playing video games. Casinos took notice that this generation didn’t care to sit in front of a machine that did all the work for them in order to win. They want to be involved to make it happen. This led to the introduction of Games of Skill at the 2016 Global Gaming Expo in Las Vegas.

Two companies, GameCo and Gamblit Gaming introduced their wares at the expo and by all accounts, things look very promising. Other companies, Konami and Scientific Games are creating their own versions to attract the Gen Y’s. Other companies will soon follow.

Some of the games are based on poker where a limited number of players use their skill to grab the cards they need. In another game players have to collect rare treasures in Pharaoh’s Secret Temple before time is up.

The Corruption Of Our Major Political Parties In The US

Why is it that every time we look at Washington DC we see questionable activities borderlining on corruption or outright illegality? Perhaps this is one thing that both sides of the aisle agree on – they seem to agree this is acceptable, it’s not. Let’s take these recent issues with email scandals. We have the DNC being hacked by a Romanian Hacker and Hillary Clinton’s illegal private email server with official State Department correspondence on it, some of it Top Secret but all of it, none of anyone else’s business especially foreign entities and spies.

There was an interesting article in Homeland Security News; “Democrats brace for more e-mail leaks,” posted on July 26, 2016. The article stated:

“The FBI on Monday said the agency is investigating the hacks of the DNC computer networks. Democrats are worried that the Russian government hackers behind the DNC hacks may have gotten their hands on other politically embarrassing e-mails and documents, and the hackers would release these e-mails and documents between now and November in an effort to increase Trump’s chances of winning in November. Julian Assange, the founder of WikiLeaks and its current top editor, who said that the release [of the DNC e-mails] on Friday was the first in a series.”

Basically, the emails that caused the DNC Chairwoman to resign are the tip-of-the-iceberg. Just as what was revealed from Hillary Clinton’s private email server turned out to be much more than she admitted when interviewed hundreds of times on the subject. If the DNC is corrupt and worked to undermine one of its own candidates in the primary process for another one, they’ve dishonored every democrat voter in America, and therefore they need to get their house in order and should probably sit out the rest of this election until they de-corrupt their activities and change-out their leadership. Free and Fair elections are crucial for a free society, but half of our electorate has been snookered and lied to.

If more emails do come out which show collusion which WikiLeaks notes is the case, then there could be another reason for a potential indictment of Hillary Clinton, even if she has temporarily dodged the first one with her misuse of classified material on her illegal server circumventing the State Department’s protocol. It hardly matters who hacked the emails in either case at the time, the question now is what information were in those emails, and what will they reveal about just how bad our political process has gotten and just how corrupt our leadership at the highest levels really is. Think on that.

The Best Aerial Photography Can Change the Definition of Photography

Aerial photography is just like as its name is suggested. In this technique of taking pictures, the shoot is done by moving the drone around the place in the sky all the pictures are taken from the sky. By shooting from such a height can change your photography experience.

Many professional aerial photographers have shown their creativity by clicking such a masterpiece. They have changed the views of peoples by their best aerial photography and set the new height to reach for the other photographers. Aerial photography is becoming famous and many businesses are demanding aerial photographers for clicking pictures which can be fruitful for their website or business.

Many couples are hiring the best aerial photography agencies for shooting their wedding with the technology so that they can have existing and memorable wedding shoot. This photography is beneficial in discovering, mapping and many other things.

Modern Applications of Aerial Photography

There are many modern applications of aerial photography, and they are the most important ones:

1. Archaeology

Photos from high above the ground helps archaeologists to find the lost monuments and hidden sites, track the site’s features that are not visible from ground level, find treasure buried under the earth, sand or water, to perform certain site features, which are visible only under certain conditions, the card site specific neighborhoods and often record remote, hidden, dangerous or impossible to reach areas in the world.

2. Urban Studies and Real Estate

This photography is a permanent partner of landscape studies, sociology, urban planning, geography and cartography property, they play aerial games have power over their competitors because they can simply and clearly demonstrate the value and beauty of a building or construction site with photos say for themselves.

3. Climate Change

Researchers used to study the effect of menopausal changes for certain ecosystems, dry lakes, the expansion of water as well as reducing the size of the rain forest and so on. Aerial photography helps researchers to conduct the environmental forensic examination, to monitor all the changes that we are experiencing, from documenting invasive species, thinning others, soil, water, and landscape changes. Shifting climate and strong environmental changes that affect everyone on this planet is now thoroughly documented with the help of photographs.

4. Tourism

This is easily explained by the fact that the photography allows people to see the wider area and larger context of meaning. While we all love the panoramic image of an exotic island blessing surreal sunset, we may be breathless at the sight of a blue lagoon in the endless green pastures, or the famous tourist landmark, taken at a right angle.

5. Art

Search gorgeous locations and capture it with a good angle at the right time of the day can turn into a work of art that does not have to match the advertising, commercial or scientific purposes. Artistic photographers knew experimenting and trying creative ways to perpetuate the beauty of our world, and aerial photography is one of the most interesting ways to achieve this goal.

Find the Right Expert to Repair Your Pipes

Verify who is available in your area offering such services. Many of them are able to handle the challenges of both large and small jobs. They have the expertise and equipment to handle various needs as well as various types of pipe materials. They also have the knowledge to properly assess what is taking place to give you options for the best long-term outcome.

Reputation Matters

Since pipe repair services are often in need, you won’t struggle to find information others have shared. Those reviews from other customers can get you pointed in the right direction. They will share who they hired, what they were happy with, any concerns, cost, and other details. You can get indicators about who you can trust and who you need to avoid hiring for the job.

Once you have some ideas, make some calls and check out their website details. This will share with you where they are located, what they offer, and the types of services they are able to consider for various jobs. Make an appointment for them to come to your location and survey your needs. They can talk to you, look at the pipes, and give you an idea of the process.

Ask Questions

You may not know much at all about pipe repair, but that doesn’t mean you shouldn’t ask questions. Ask them to explain what various techniques entail and why they recommend them. Ask them about warranty information on the labor as well as on the parts they put into place. Some of the options such as CIPP can last for decades as well as increase overall flow.

The provider of pipe repair should be willing to answer your questions in terms that you can understand. If you feel they are pressuring you to hire them or they talk in business lingo, bypass them for another provider. You need someone you can communicate well with and you trust to be in your corner. You don’t want to have regrets when the work is done and it is time to pay.

Timeframe

During the consultation, the pipe repair provider should be able to provide you with an estimate timeframe for the work. This includes when they can fit you into their schedule, the time for the work to be done, and any other concerns. Depending on the project, they may need to order materials so that plays a role in when they can get started.

Cost

The final cost of the work should be broken down for you before you hire them. Obtain the estimate in writing so you know what you can expect. You don’t need any surprises that stress you out financially! The estimate should have a cost for the labor, a cost for materials, and then a total price. If you agree to it and what you believe the provider offers, hire them for pipe repair.

Don’t ignore the problem as it isn’t going to get better on its own. Instead, it is just a matter of time before you have as serious issue on your hands. It will cost far more if you wait than if you get it all in motion to have repairs done early on.